Approving the task of elaborating the Vietnam land use planning in the 2021-2030 period, with a vision to 2050
The Vietnam government has just issued Resolution 67 / NQ-CP approving the task of making a National Land Use Plan for the period 2021 – 2030, with a vision to 2050.
Accordingly, the Vietnam National Land Use Plan for the period of 2021 – 2030, vision to 2050 and the 5-year national plan (2021 – 2025) will be implemented on the whole area of natural land.
Planning period: 2021 – 2030 period, with a vision to 2050.
The Resolution stated that: Land is a special national resource, an important resource for national development, and the plan must ensure economical, effective, sustainable use of land; increasing economic value, land finance brings about the highest efficiency, meeting both immediate and long-term goals for socio-economic development; ensure national defense and security.
Land use planning is basic and in line with the national master planning; associating with sectoral, regional and local planning to create inter-regional and inter-provincial connectivity in order to exploit the strengths and land potentials of each region and locality, which is the basis for making mechanical transformation. Its structure is associated with the process of economic restructuring and labor division to meet the requirements of industrialization, modernization and international economic integration.
Strictly protect the area of rice cultivation, protective forest, special-use forest land, land of nature conservation zones, of production forests being natural forests and scenic relics land to ensure national food security, sustainable forest management; ensure the harmonization of socio-economic development objectives, national defense and security; protect landscape ecology and biodiversity; protect water sources, adapt to climate change and sea level rise.
Develop land fund in the direction of reclamation and reclamation; construction of underground works in areas where conditions permit; investing in infrastructure construction, developing industry, services and tourism to effectively exploit and use land potentials in midland, mountainous, border, coastal and island areas. Allocate paddy land in saline, drought, flooded areas to other purposes and relocate polluting production facilities out of the city center to enhance effective use and minimizing environmental pollution.
Priority is given to allocating enough land fund to build synchronous infrastructure, focusing on developing key and large-spread museums; meeting the land fund for urban, industrial and service development in the process of industrialization, modernization and new rural construction; especially for mountainous, border and island areas to attract resources to effectively exploit the land fund.
Acquire and apply scientific and technological achievements of countries in the world and in the region; Inheriting existing achievements to improve quality, efficiency and feasibility, meeting the requirements of renovating the market economy management mechanism and socialist orientation.
Targets of national land use planning for the period of 2021 – 2030, with a vision to 2050: concretize the national master plan on land allocation and zoning for industries, fields and localities; use land for the right purpose, economically and effectively; protect the ecological environment, prevent natural disasters, adapt to climate change and develop sustainably in order to maximize the potential and resources of land to meet the requirements of industrialization and modernization. economic restructuring, ensuring national food security and goals of socio-economic development, national defense and security.
Principles of formulating national land use planning should ensure consistency and synchronization with socio-economic development strategies and plans, ensuring the combination of branch management with territorial management; ensure national defense and security; environmental Protection; Ensuring the compliance, continuity, inheritance, stability and hierarchy in the national planning system; Ensuring the people’s, the involvement of agencies, organizations, communities and individuals; ensure the harmonization of national interests, regions, localities and the interests of the people, of which the national interests are highest; ensure gender equality principles; Ensuring science, applying modern technology, connecting, forecasting, feasible, economical and efficient use of the country’s resources; ensure objectivity, publicity, transparency and conservation.
The plan must ensure the peculiarities and linkages of the regions. Ensuring the balance between land use demands of industries, fields, localities and national capacities and land funds for economical and efficient use of land; The content of land allocation and use in national sector, regional and provincial planning must be consistent with national planning.
Land cover classification in Hanoi in 1999, 2009, and 2016. (MDPI)
The content of national land use planning in the period of 2021 – 2030 needs to investigate, collect and evaluate information, documents, current status; analyzing and evaluating factors, natural conditions, resources, contexts directly affecting use of industries and fields; forecast trends of change in the period of 2021 – 2030; identify perspectives and goals in this period.
Identify and delineate areas of national-level targets by 2030 for Rice-growing (including specialized wet rice-growing land needs strict protection); protective forest, Special-use forest, production forest (including natural production forest land); industrial park, economic zones, high-tech park, urban, defense, security land; land for national infrastructure development, including for transportation, for construction of cultural establishments, for construction of medical establishments, for construction of education and training establishments, for construction of physical training and sport establishments, for energy projects, for post and telecommunications works; for construction of national reserve warehouses, with historical-cultural relics; landfill, waste treatment; unused land, including unused land, to be used in the period and remaining unused land.
Regarding the 5-year national plan (2021 – 2025), it is necessary to analyze and evaluate the results of the implementation of the national plan in the previous period; Determine the area of land types according to each period of the 5-year plan (2021 – 2025); 5-year plans (2021 – 2025) for each socio-economic region and provincial administrative unit; Solutions to implement the this plan.
Regarding the vision to 2050, it is necessary to identify views and objectives on the basis of socio-economic, population and urban development forecasts; industrialization and modernization; define the vision to 2050 to meet the country’s development requirements as well as to adapt to climate change for land use: rice, protective forest, Special-use forest, production forest, industrial park, economic zones, high-tech park; urban, defense, security land; land for national infrastructure development.
Method of the task: This task is implemented in a two-way approach (macro and micro) with participation of ministries, branches and localities; The objects of this are placed in multidisciplinary, multi-domain integrated relationships of many related factors. This task need using the following main methods:
- Secondary and primary investigation method;
- Methods of aggregating, analyzing and processing data;
- Methods of spatial analysis, multi-criteria analysis (MCE) based on GIS application;
- Methods of qualitative and quantitative analysis;
- Method of combining macro and micro analysis;
- Methods of economic calculation and forecasting.
- Expert method.
The time limit for making plan to the period 2021 – 2030, with a vision to 2050 does not exceed 30 months from the date of the task, with a vision to year 2050 approved.
Regarding the organization of implementation, the Government assigns the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment to approve the detailed cost estimates and select the unit to do the task according to the current regulations; Develop a plan for implementation and promptly report to the National Planning Council on the content entangled, beyond the authority; Approving adjustment and supplement of the Task when arising content in the process of doing the task in the period of 2021 – 2030, vision to 2050 and 5-year plan (2021 – 2025) but do not change the objectives of the Mission.
Ministries and Departments shall:
Report use of land in the period of 2011-2020 within their management; Proposal of this demand in the 2021-2030 period, with a vision to 2050 and a 5-year plan (2021 – 2025), a list of key projects and projects sent to the Ministry of Finance. Resources and Environment; Coordinate with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment in providing sector development strategies (including the draft); Information, documents, figures, maps.
People’s Committees of provinces and cities directly under the Central Government are responsible for: Reporting on the implementation of planning in the 2011-2020 period and proposing local demands in the period 2021- 2030, with a vision to 2050 and a 5-year plan (2021 – 2025), a list of key projects and projects using land to be sent to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.
Coordinate with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment in providing local information, documents and data related to this task.
In the process of carrying out the plan, the consultancy organization plans to recruit domestic experts, Foreign experts in accordance with the law.
Regarding coordination mechanism: Ministries, Departments and Localities shall, within the scope of their functions and tasks, regularly exchange and provide information under their management to ensure timely time and accuracy of content to carry out the task and create framework data for information system and database.